IEA Report Stresses Importance of Heat Pumps for Net-Zero Goals
The global stock of heat pumps must increase tenfold to 1.8 billion units by 2045, according to the International Energy Agency.
The International Energy Agency (IEA), an influential global organization based in Paris that advises governments and companies on energy policy issues, published a report on May 18 outlining the potential path to net zero emissions by 2050, including the role of heat pumps.
The IEA called the report “Net Zero to 2050: A Roadmap for the Global Energy Sector” the world’s first comprehensive study of transitioning to a Net Zero Energy system by 2050 while ensuring a stable and affordable energy supply and universal energy access and a robust one Enable economic growth. “
The IEA’s Energy Sector Roadmap states that if governments act quickly to promote clean energy and reduce fossil fuel consumption, they will create “millions” of jobs, stimulate economic growth and “keep net zero within reach” can.
The report stressed that heat pumps and efficient cooling technologies play an important role if the world is to meet the Paris Agreement climate goals and achieve net zero emissions.
Among the more than 400 milestones, the roadmap foresees, for example, a ban on the sale of fossil fuel boilers from 2025 and states that 50% of building heating needs should be covered by heat pumps by 2045.
The roadmap describes in detail how the proportion of existing buildings that have been retrofitted to a CO2-free level must increase from currently less than 1% to 20% in 2030 and to more than 85% in 2050.
To achieve this, the number of installed heat pumps must more than quadruple from 180 million units in 2020 to 600 million units in 2030, with the number increasing tenfold to 1.8 billion units by 2050.
Proposed milestones also include an immediate ban on investing in new fossil fuel projects and a ban on the sale of internal combustion engine cars by 2035.